Since converting to Thoroughbred racing in 1932 and until Mrs. Markey's death in 1982, Calumet Farm recorded 2,401 wins - 508 of which were in stakes races. Twelve times Calumet led the list of Leading Money-Winning Owners. Of its 148 homebred stakes winners, 9 won in excess of $500,000. Eleven Calumet horses - Alydar, Armed, Bewitch, Citation, Coaltown, Davona Dale, Real Delight, Tim Tam, Twlight Tear, Two Lea, and Whirlaway - have been elected to the National Museum of Racing Hall of Fame, along with father-son trainers B.A. "Ben" and H.A. "Jimmy" Jones. Calumet captured 2 Triple Crowns, 8 Kentucky Derbies, and 7 Preakness victories. Sixteen Calumet horses captured a total of 35 year-end divisional championships, with 5 taking the Horse of the Year title.
Calumet, was number one on the list of Leading Money-Winning Owners twelve times and in the top three from 1939 to 1954, acquired total earnings of $26,410,941.06 - a record that speaks for itself.
It is unlikely that any farm will ever dominate Thoroughbred racing as Calumet did during the '40's and '50's. One thing, however, seems certain. Calumet Farm, now owned by Count Henryk de Kwaitkowski, remains and will continue to remain a major force in American Thoroughbred racing.
Calumet produced 148 stakes from 1934 through 1982. Some of the greatest horses in the industry have hailed from Calumet Farm and include the following:
TRIPLE CROWN RACES
The Kentucky Derby, the Preakness Stakes, and the Belmont Stakes combine to form the most sought after prize in American Thoroughbred racing.The Triple Crown. Calumet Farm had in Whirlaway and Citation 2 of only 11 horses ever to achieve this honor. Three others - Pensive, Tim Tam, and Forward Pass - came close, winning the first two legs, only to fall short in the Belmont. In all, Calumet captured a record eight Kentucky Derby trophies, with Whirlaway first receiving the blanket of roses in 1941, followed by Pensive in 1944, Citation in 1948, Ponder in 1949, Hill Gail in 1952, Iron Liege in 1957, Tim Tam in 1958, and Forward Pass in 1968. The farm also collected a record seven Preakness victories: Whirlaway in 1941; Pensive, 1944; Faultless, 1947; Citation, 1948; Fabius, 1956; Tim Tam, 1958; Forward Pass, 1968. The elusive Belmont has been won by the farm's horses only twice, with Triple Crown Winners Whirlaway and Citation scoring in 1941 and '48 respectively.
Two Triple Crown Winners:
Eight Kentucky Derby Winners:
Hill Gail ('52)
Iron Liege ('57)
Tim Tam ('58)
Forward Pass ('68)
Seven Preakness Stakes Winners:
Tim Tam ('58)
Forward Pass ('68)
Three National Filly Triple Crown Winners:
Real Delight ('52)
Davon Dale ('79)
Eleven Horses in the National Museum of Racing Hall of Fame:
Five Horses of the Year Titles:
Whirlaway ('41 & '42)
Twilight Tear ('44-1st filly voted Horse of the Year)
Two Trainers in the National Museum of Racing Hall of Fame:
Ben A. Jones
H.A. "Jimmy" Jones
Horses Sired By Bull Lea
The list would not be complete without mention of Bull Lea, one of the most impressive sires in Thoroughbred history, whose list of famous sons and daughters include:
Armed, Iron Liege, Bewitch, Mark-Ye-Well, Citation, Real Delight, Coaltown, Twilight Tear, Faultless, Two Lea, and Hill Gail.
Bull Lea sired 58 stakes winners and his progeny's purses totaled $13,589,181 through 1969.
The Calumet Trophy Collection
In 1981, Margaret Glass, the Farm's secretary since 1940, had the foresight to realize that with Lucille Wright Markey's declining health, a decision need to be reached over the ultimate fate of the more than 500 trophies and 28 paintings amassed by the farm over the past five decades. Together with Keeneland Association CEO and future President of the Breeders' Cup, James E. Bassett, III, they ultimately were able to place the collection on long-term loan at the Kentucky Horse Park's International Museum of the Horse.
With the Farm's demise in 1992, the trophies and paintings became pawns in the attempt to pay off Calumet's many creditors. In December of 1996 the Horse Park and Museum were notified that the collection, the last of the Farm's assets, would be sold through the Federal Bankruptcy Court. By February, Bassett, Glass, park and museum officials, and several concerned Lexington community leaders came together to form the "Save the Calumet Trophies" committee. Over the next 20 months, the committee raised more than $1.2 million from concerned Kentuckians and Thoroughbred racing fans throughout the world.
In the 1998 Kentucky General Assembly, the legislature appropriated an additional $1.5 million to keep the trophies in the Bluegrass. After continued legal wrangling which kept the fate of the collection in doubt up until the final moment, the trophies and paintings were finally purchased for $2.7 million by the Kentucky Horse Park on September 4th, 1998. At the campaigns end, some 1,189 donations had been received from all 50 states and four foreign countries.
The hardware won by Calumet's horses over the five decades prior to Mrs. Markey's death in 1982 is by far the most extensive in the history of racing in America. The 524 piece collection contain 270 silver, 138 gold, one ceramic, and seven crystal trophies, as well as 105 silver and three gold julep cups. Above and beyond the trophies' significance to racing, the exquisite workmanship shown over four centuries by American and European artisans distinguishes this as one of the finest exhibitions of its type in the world.
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